The office for Student Disability Resources (SDR) seeks to assist staff and faculty in accommodating students with disabilities at CSUMB. Accordingly, we offer a handbook intended to answer the most common questions and concerns brought to SDR.

Mobility Issues

See also:

* Mobility Accommodations

* Interacting with Students

Mobility Impairments range in severity from limitations of stamina to paralysis. Some mobility impairments are caused by conditions present at birth ("congenital") while others are the result of illness or physical injury ("acquired").

Injuries to the spinal cord cause different types of mobility impairments depending on the areas of the spine that are injured. Paraplegia refers to the loss of function to the lower extremities and the lower trunk. Students with paraplegia typically use a manual wheelchair and have the full movement of arms and hands. Quadriplegia refers to the loss of function to arms, legs, and trunk. Students with quadriplegia have limited or no use of their arms and hands and often use motorized wheelchairs. Hemiplegia is another type of functional loss where the limbs of one side of the body are affected; students may use a wheelchair or a walking aid.

Mobility impairments vary over a wide range, from temporary (e.g., a broken arm) to permanent (e.g., a form of paralysis or muscle degeneration). Other impairments, such as respiratory conditions, may affect coordination and endurance. These can also affect a student's ability to participate/perform in class.

Below are brief descriptions of other causes of mobility impairments:

  • Amputation
  • Arthritis
  • Back Disorders (degenerative disk disease, scoliosis, and herniated disks)
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (wrist and arm limitations from repetitive strain/injury)
  • Cerebral palsy (damage to the brain prior to or shortly after birth that may prevent or inhibit walking, and cause a lack of muscle coordination, spasms, and speech difficulty)
  • Fibromyalgia (muscular rheumatism causing constant pain in muscles and ligaments)
  • Morbid Obesity (medically verified)
  • Neuromuscular disorders (including degenerative conditions, such as muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, and ataxia)

Students with mobility impairments may require a wide range of adaptations and accommodations.